The appendix is a common specimen in the surgical pathology laboratory. The dissection of these specimens is not complex, since most appendectomies are performed for simple acute appendicitis. Even so, the appendix is all too often not examined appropriately. Cursory examination of the appendix is a pitfall to be avoided. Instead, develop the habit of thoroughly examining every appendix. Regard every appendiceal specimen as an opportunity to uncover unsuspected pathologic processes.