Disorders of the Back and Neck

  • Walter L. Calmbach


Low back pain occurs in almost 80% of adults at some point in their lives.1 It is estimated that 1400 workdays per 1000 workers are lost each year in the United States because of low back pain.2 In many large industrial settings, low back pain is second only to upper respiratory infections as a cause for absence from work.3 Among chronic conditions, back problems are the most frequent cause for limitation of activity (work, housekeeping, school) among patients younger than 45 years of age.4 Although low back pain is usually a self-limited problem, it still costs approximately $51 billion per year in lost productivity and compensation.3 Fortunately, low back pain can be treated simply with a conservative regimen coupled with timely surgical intervention for a few patients plus aggressive rehabilitation for patients with chronic low back pain.6


Cervical Spine Disc Herniation Spinal Stenosis Lumbar Disc Herniation Whiplash Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter L. Calmbach

There are no affiliations available

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