Nutrition, Moderate Exercise, and Health

  • Adrianne E. Hardman


People who are physically active tend to be healthier than their sedentary peers. Habitual vigorous exercise, however, is pursued by only a minority, particularly of women (1). From the public health view it is important to assess the potential of moderate, socially-acceptable exercise to confer health gains because programmes of high intensity exercise are associated with poor adherence (2) and high risk of orthopaemic injury (3). The short-term increase in cardiovascular risk associated with each bout of exercise is lower for moderate than for vigorous exercise (4), altering favourably the balance between risk and benefit. A growing body of epidemiological evidence shows relationships between moderate-intensity exercise and mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, adult-onset diabetes, hypertension, stroke, and hip fracture.


Physical Activity Bone Mineral Density Coronary Heart Disease Bone Mineral Content High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrianne E. Hardman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Education, Sports Science and Recreation ManagementLoughborough UniversityLoughborough, LeicestershireEngland

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