Effect of Exercise Training and Acute Exercise on Essential Hypertensives
Hypertension is a major health problem in the United States and Russia, as well as around the world. Essential hypertension, defined as a blood pressure(BP)> 140/90 mmHg, is present in approximately 20% of adults in industrialized societies and these prevalence rates rise sharply with age (10). Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, particularly coronary artery disease (13). Numerous studies indicate that endurance exercise training lowers BP in individuals with mild essential hypertension (BP 140–180/90–105mmHg) with the reduction averaging approximately 10 mmHg for both systolic and diastolic pressure (7,14).However, little is known about this response in women (6).
KeywordsDiastolic Blood Pressure Exercise Training Essential Hypertension Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Total Peripheral Resistance
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.American College of Sports Medicine, 1991, Guidelines for exercise testing and exercise prescription (4th Ed), Lea And Febiger: Philadelphia.Google Scholar
- 2.American College of Sports Medicine. Position Stand: Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Hypertension., 1993, Med Sci Sports Exerc 25:i-x.Google Scholar
- 6.Hagberg, J. M., Brown, M. D., Does exercise training play a role in the treatment of essential hypertension? In press: J. Cardiovasc. Risk.Google Scholar
- 7.Hagberg, J. M., Montain, S. J., Martin, W. H., 1987, Blood pressure and hemodynamic responses after exercise in older hypertensives, J. Appl. Physiol. 63:27–276.Google Scholar
- 9.Hagberg, J. M., 1988, Exercise, fitness, and hypertension. In: Exercise,Fitness and Health. Ed: C. Bouchard, R. J. Shephard, T. Stephens, B. D. McPherson. Human Kinetics Press: Champaign, IL.:455–466.Google Scholar
- 10.Kaplan, N., 1994, Clinical hypertension. 6th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
- 11.Kaufmann, F. L., Hughson, R. L., Schaman, J. P., 1987, Effect of exercise on recovery blood pressure in nor-motensive and hypertensive subjects, Med. Sci. Sports Exercise 19:17–20.Google Scholar
- 12.Koga, M., Ideishi, M., Matsusaki, M., Tashiro, E., Kinoshita, A., Ikeda, M., Tanaka, H., Shindo, M., Arakawa, K., 1992, Mild exercise decreases plasma endogenous digitalis-like substance in hypertensive individuals, Hypertension 19 (Suppl. II):II231-II236.Google Scholar