Ergogenic Effects of the Creatine Supplementation During the Training of Top-Class Athletes

  • Nikolai I. Volkov
  • Egon R. Andris
  • Yurij M. Saveljev
  • Vladimir I. Olejnikov


Application of the creatine and creatine phosphate in the preparation of athletes causes marked ergogenic and anabolic effect (2, 13, 16, 18, 20, 23, 24, 25). The exogenic creatine moves rather easily across the cell membrane (7, 8) and can change markedly the intracellular creatine pool. The permeability of cell membranes for the exogenic creatine phosphate is considerably lower but it can cause an increase in the premembrane pool of macroergs that in its turn contributes to maintaining a high bioelectric activity of the excited cells under conditions of hypoxia (9, 17).


Creatine Phosphate Training Load Creatine Supplementation Amino Acid Mixture Ergogenic Effect 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai I. Volkov
    • 1
  • Egon R. Andris
    • 1
  • Yurij M. Saveljev
    • 1
  • Vladimir I. Olejnikov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryRussian Academy of Physical EducationMoscowRussia

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