Nutritional Preparation for Sports Performance

The Elite Performer
  • R. J. Maughan
  • Louise Burke


At the highest level of competition in sport, where opposing competitors are predisposedosed to success by genetic endowment, have undergone the most rigorous training, and are equally matched in skill and motivation, nutritional intervention may make the difference between success and failure. It is not surprising therefore that sportsmen and women generally are concerned about their diet, although this concern is not always matched by a knowledge of basic nutrition. Although it is clear that the ability to train and compete will be impaired if the diet is inadequate, the concept of dietary inadequacy may be quite different for the elite athlete compared with the sedentary individual. Conversely performance may be improved by dietary manipulation, but we still have an incomplete understanding of how best to control diet to optimise sports performance. Some of the dietary practices followed by athletes in pursuit of success are sound, but others have no beneficial effect and may even be harmful. As in other areas of nutrition, these ideas are often encouraged by those who stand to gain financially from sales of dietary supplements.


Muscle Glycogen Elite Athlete Endurance Athlete Creatine Supplementation Sport Performance 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Maughan
    • 1
  • Louise Burke
    • 2
  1. 1.University Medical SchoolAberdeenScotland
  2. 2.Australian Institute of SportBelconnenAustralia

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