Reduction of CO2 Emissions of Transport by Reorganisation of Urban Activities

  • Michael Wegener
Part of the Transportation Research, Economics and Policy book series (TRES)


It is generally believed that the private automobile has been the primary cause of the expansion of cities over wider and wider areas. However suburbanisation was not caused by the car but has been the consequence of the same changes in the socio-economic context of urban life that were also responsible for the growth in car ownership: increase in income, more working women, smaller households, shorter work hours and a consequential change in lifestyles and housing preferences towards quality of life, leisure and recreation. Under these conditions, the car and low fuel prices brought low-density suburban living within the reach of not only the rich, with the result that for the last thirty years the growth of cities has occurred primarily in the suburbs. Offices, light industiy, services and retail started to decentralise later following either their employees or their markets or both taking advantage of attractive suburban locations with good accessibility, ample parking and lower land prices.


Public Transport Travel Speed Base Scenario Petrol Price Urban Activity 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

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  • Michael Wegener

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