Economic Development and Its Influence on the Environment: Urbanization, Infrastructure and Land Use Planning Systems

  • Yoshitsugu Hayashi
Part of the Transportation Research, Economics and Policy book series (TRES)


A child waits for a bus before dawn in a suburb of Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, so as to arrive at school in time to start at 8:30 a.m. (Photo 1). Many commuters leave home between 5:00 and 6:00 a.m. Not surprisingly, as a consequence of heavy traffic congestion, there are a large number of city dwellers who spend over 8 hours a day in commuting. What a huge socioeconomic loss!


Transport Infrastructure Gross Regional Product Road Length Japan International Cooperation Agency Capita Energy Consumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

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  • Yoshitsugu Hayashi

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