Practical Issues in Equating and Scaling to Achieve Comparability
Many of the practical issues that are involved in conducting equating are described in this chapter. We describe major issues and provide references that consider these issues in more depth. The early portions of this chapter focus on equating dichotomously scored paper and pencil tests. In later portions, the focus broadens to include practical issues in scaling to achieve comparability, including computerized testing and performance and other types of alternative assessments.