Life History Variation Among Nocturnal Prosimians

  • Peter M. Kappeler


Principal life history traits determine the size of an organism at birth, how fast and how long it will grow, at what age and size it will mature, the number, size and sex of its offspring, as well as its reproductive and total life span. These traits are connected by numerous trade-offs, involving differential allocation of energy to growth, maintenance and reproduction. Because interactions among life history traits result in phenotypic adaptations that determine individual fitness through their direct effect on survival and reproduction, life histories are the key to understanding the action of natural selection (Gadgil and Bossert, 1970; Stearns, 1976, 1992).


Life History Basal Metabolic Rate Brain Size Life History Strategy Reproductive Trait 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter M. Kappeler
    • 1
  1. 1.AG Verhaltensforschung/ÖkologieDeutsches PrimatenzentrumGöttingenGermany

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