Institutional Review Boards and Special Human Subjects Issues in AIDS Research
Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) were first mandated by the federal government in 1974. The initial regulations have been revised and amended in successive years, most recently in 1991. These regulations technically cover only federally funded research involving the participation of human subjects. In practice, however, they apply to all research, because institutions sponsoring research do not like to have two sets of standards depending on funding source.
KeywordsFederal Regulation Research Participation Grant Application Minor Increment Federal Guideline
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