General Overview of the Macbeth Approach

  • Carlos A. Bana e Costa
  • Jean-Claude Vansnick
Part of the Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications book series (NOIA, volume 5)


MACBETH is an interactive approach for cardinal measurement of judgments about the degrees to which the elements of a finite set A possess a property P. The name MACBETH, Measuring Attractiveness by a Categorical Based Evaluation Tech nique, comes from the fact that we conceived our approach with the aim of facilitating the measurement of (degrees of) attractiveness in decision processes. Nevertheless, MACBETH can also be applied to measure other properties in domains of knowledge others than Decision Sciences, such as in Psychophysics or in Social Sciences.


Analytical Hierarchy Process Numerical Scale Cardinal Measurement Absolute Judgment Threshold Representation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos A. Bana e Costa
    • 1
  • Jean-Claude Vansnick
    • 2
  1. 1.IST — Dep. Civil Eng./CESURTechnical University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.F.S.E.S., Place du ParcUniversity of Mons-HainautMonsBelgium

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