With the isomorphous replacement method a preliminary set of protein phases and a first model of the protein structure can be obtained. As we shall see in Chapter 13 such a model can be refined by minimizing the difference between the observed |F|-values and the |F|-values calculated from the model. An easier way to obtain a first model can be followed if the structure of a protein with a homologous amino acid sequence has already been established. The structure of this homologous protein is—as it were—borrowed by the protein for which the structure must be determined and serves as a very first model that can subsequently be refined. This procedure is based on the observation that proteins, homologous in their amino acid sequence, have a very similar folding of their polypeptide chain. Also, if for another reason two structures can be expected to be similar, one known and the other unknown, the procedure can be applied.
KeywordsAsymmetric Unit Search Model Model Molecule Molecular Replacement Unknown Structure
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