Advanced Regulatory Topics

  • Edward A. Birge

Abstract

Although much of the discussion to this point has dealt with regulation, the regulation has been of a relatively simple type. There has been a single operon, one or two promoters, and a single repressor or activator complex. In many instances, cells need to be able to coordinate and/or to sequence the activities of a wide variety of diverse functions to achieve an appropriate response to an environmental stimulus. This chapter deals with some methods used by eubacteria and by Saccharomyces to accomplish these goals.

Keywords

Heat Shock Heat Shock Protein Nitrogen Fixation Mother Cell Sigma Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

General

  1. Craig, E.A., Gambill, B.D., Nelson, R.J. (1993). Heat shock proteins: Molecular chaperones of protein biogenesis. Microbiological Reviews 57:402–414. (Compares proteins from Saccharomyces with proteins from E. coli.)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Errington, J. (1993). Bacillus subtilis sporulation: regulation of gene expression and control of morphogenesis. Microbiological Reviews 57:1–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Neidhardt, F.C., Van Bogelen, R.A. (1987). Heat shock response, pp. 1334–1345. In: Neidhardt, F.C. et al. (eds.), Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium: Cellular and Molecular Biology. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology.Google Scholar
  4. North, A.K., Klose, K.E., Stedman, K.M., Kustu, S. (1993). Prokaryotic enhancer-binding proteins reflect eukaryote-like modularity: the puzzle of nitrogen regulatory protein C. Journal of Bacteriology 175:4267–4273.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Schwartz, M. (1987). The maltose regulon, pp. 1482–1502. In: Neidhardt, F.C. et al. (eds.), Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium: Cellular and Molecular Biology. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology.Google Scholar

Specialized

  1. Austin, S., Dixon, R. (1992). The prokaryotic enhancer binding protein NTRC has an ATPase activity which is phosphorylation and DNA dependent. EMBO Journal 11:2219–2228.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Brusca, J.S., Chastain, C.J., Golden, J.W. (1990). Expression of the Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 xisA gene from a heterologous promoter results in excision of the nifD element. Journal of Bacteriology 172:3925–3931.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Decker, K., Peist, R., Reidl, J., Kossmann, M., Brand, B., Boos, W. (1993). Maltose and maltotriose can be formed endogenously in Escherichia coli from glucose and glucose-1-phosphate independently of enzymes of the maltose system. Journal of Bacteriology 175:5655–5665.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Halberg, R., Kroos, L. (1992). Fate of the SpoIIID switch protein during Bacillus subtilis sporulation depends on the mother-cell sigma factor, σK. Journal of Molecular Biology 228:840–849.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kühnau, S., Reyes, M., Sievertsen, A., Shuman, H.A., Boos, W. (1991). The activities of the Escherichia coli MalK protein in maltose transport, regulation, and inducer exclusion can be separated by mutations. Journal of Bacteriology 173:2180–2186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Missiakas, D., Georgopoulos, C, Raina, S. (1993). The Escherichia coli heat shock gene htpY: Mutational analysis, cloning, sequencing, and transcriptional regulation. Journal of Bacteriology 175:2613–2624.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Partridge, S.R., Errington, J. (1993). The importance of morphological events and intercellular interactions in the regulation of prespore-specific gene expression during sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. Molecular Microbiology 8:945–955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sidoti, C, Harwood, G., Ackerman, R., Coppard, J., Merrick, M. (1993). Characterisation of mutations in the Klebsiella pneumoniae nitrogen fixation regulatory gene nifL which impair oxygen regulation. Archives of Microbiology 159:276–281.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wild, J., Walter, W.A., Gross, C.A., Altman, E. (1993). Accumulation of secretory protein precursors in Escherichia coli induces the heat shock response. Journal of Bacteriology 175:3992–3997.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward A. Birge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations