Fundamentals of Bacterial and Viral Genetics

  • Edward A. Birge


Before beginning the formal study of bacterial and viral genetics, it is important to have a clear understanding of the fundamentals of microbial cell structure and of basic viral processes. This chapter provides a brief review of cell anatomy and genetic terminology and processes with respect to bacteria, yeast, and viruses. More detailed coverage of major genetic processes is provided in later chapters. However, these summaries are essential for understanding some of the experiments presented in the next few chapters.


Prokaryotic Cell Genome Equivalent Haploid Cell Bacterial Chromosome Phage Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



  1. Birge, E.A. (1992). Modem Microbiology: Principles & Applications. Dubuque, I A: William C. Brown. (A good source of information for persons wanting more background in microbiology.)Google Scholar
  2. Brock, T.D. (1990). The Emergence of Bacterial Genetics. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. (Historical review of the field.)Google Scholar
  3. Demerec, M., Adelberg, E.A., Clark, A.J., Hartman, P.E. (1966). A proposal for a uniform nomenclature in bacterial genetics. Genetics 54:61–76.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Lederberg, J. (1987). Genetic recombination in bacteria: A discovery account. Annual Review of Genetics 21:23–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Schaechter, M. (1990). The bacterial equivalent of mitosis, pp. 313–322. In: Drlica, K., Riley, M. (eds.), The Bacterial Chromosome. Washington, D.C.:American Society for Microbiology. (A brief overview of recent experimental results.)Google Scholar
  6. Thaler, D.S., Roth, J.R., Hirschbein, L. (1990). Imprinting as a mechanism for the control of gene expression, pp. 445–456. In: Drlica, K., Riley, M. (eds.), The Bacterial Chromosome. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology. (A discussion of the behavior of diploid bacterial cells.)Google Scholar


  1. Akamatsu, T., Sekiguchi, J. (1987). Genetic mapping by means of protoplast fusion in Bacillus subtilis. Molecular and General Genetics 208:254–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Lévi-Meyrueis, C, Sanchez-Rivas, C. (1984). Complementation and genetic inactiva-tion: Two alternative mechanisms leading to prototrophy in diploid bacterial clones. Molecular and General Genetics 196:488–493.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Shapiro, L. (1993). Protein localization and asymmetry in the bacterial cell. Cell 73: 841–855. (Although the main text of this review article is not relevant to this chapter, the article begins with an excellent review of cell division processes in bacteria and yeast.)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Winker, S., Woese, CR. (1991). A definition of the domains Archaea, Bacteria and Eucarya in terms of small subunit ribosomal RNA characteristics. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 14:305–310.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward A. Birge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations