Diagnosing drug abuse and dependence is a task complicated by differences among individuals and the compounds used. Although acknowledging these multiple interactions, common behavior patterns and similarities in the development of substance use disorders can be seen. We refer to these developmental phenomena as stages in the abuse and dependence process. They need to be thoroughly understood by any clinician who seeks to do diagnostic evaluations. These stages are discussed in detail in this section.
KeywordsDrug Dependence Interview Assessment Abstinence Syndrome Community Reinforcement Program Diagnose Drug Abuse
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