Field Investigations

  • Orlando B. Andersland
  • Branko Ladanyi


For most engineering projects in seasonal and permafrost areas, detailed information on subsurface conditions is required for design and construction purposes if structures and facilities are to perform satisfactorily (Johnston, 1963c; Linell and Johnston, 1973). Determination of the type, distribution, properties, and behavior of frozen foundation materials is essential. Sampling of the materials (soil or rock) for examination and testing in the field and the laboratory will be an important part of field investigation programs. Valuable information can also be obtained at the site using in situ test methods and geophysical techniques.


Field Investigation Penetration Rate Cone Penetration Test Freeze Ground Permafrost Table 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Orlando B. Andersland
    • 1
  • Branko Ladanyi
    • 2
  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Ecole Polytechnique of the Université de MontréalCanada

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