Mass-Rearing of Larval Fruit Fly Parasitoids in Hawaii
The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, and the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel, are major pests of fruits and vegetables in Hawaii. D. cucurbitae was introduced into Hawaii from the Orient in 1895; C. capitata from Australia about 1910; and D. dorsalis from the Pacific Islands in 1945 Immediately after the establishment of these fruit flies, importation of exotic parasitoids into Hawaii from Africa, Asia and Australia resulted in outstanding biological control.
KeywordsParasitism Rate Parasitoid Species Host Larva Host Instar Exotic Parasitoid
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.