Advertisement

Keywords

Bronchogenic Carcinoma Chest Radiology Ential Diagnosis Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 4–17Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 11–20, 25–30Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 195–208Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  8. 2.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, p 197Google Scholar
  9. 1.
    Epstein DM, Gefter WB, Miller WT: Lobar bronchiolo-alveolar cell carcinoma. AJR 1982; 139: 463–468PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 84–89Google Scholar
  11. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  12. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  13. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 167–194Google Scholar
  14. 5.
    Teplick JG, Haskins ME: Roentgenologic Diagnosis. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1976Google Scholar
  15. 1.
    Berkmen YM: Aspiration and inhalation pneumonias. Semin Roentgenol 1980; 15: 73–84PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  17. 2.
    Gatewood OMB, Vanhoutte JJ: The role of the barium swallow examination in evaluation of pediatric pneumonias. AJR 1966; 97: 203–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 3.
    Hughes RL, Freilich RA, Bytell DE, et al: Aspiration and occult esophageal disorders: Clinical conference in pulmonary disease from Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago. Chest 1981; 80: 489–495PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 1.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  21. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988, pp 459–472.Google Scholar
  22. 1.
    Brodey PA, Fisch AE, Huffaker J: Acute pulmonary edema resulting from treatment for premature labor. Radiology 1981; 140: 631–633PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  24. 3.
    Heitzman ER: The Lung: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlations. (ed 2) St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1984, p 182Google Scholar
  25. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3 ) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991Google Scholar
  26. 5.
    Rigsby C, Swett HA, Sostman HD, et al: Roentgenographic features of drug-induced disease. J Resp Dis 1983; 11: 60–68Google Scholar
  27. 1.
    Amjad H, Bigman O, Tabor H: Unilateral pulmonary edema. JAMA 1974; 229: 1094–1095PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 2.
    Calenoff L, Kruglik GD, Woodruff A: Unilateral pulmonary edema. Radiology 1978; 126: 19–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 3.
    Friedman PJ: Idiopathic and autoimmune type III-like reactions: Interstitial fibrosis, vasculitis, and granulomatosis. Semin Roentgeno11975; 10: 43–51Google Scholar
  30. 4.
    Ratliff JL, Chavez CM, Jamchuk A, et al: Re-expansion pulmonary edema. Chest 1973; 64: 654–656PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 1.
    Albelda SM, Gefter WB, Epstein DM, et al: Diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage: A review and classification. Radiology 1985; 154: 289–297PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  33. 3.
    Fiegler VW, Siemoneit KD: Pulmonary manifestations in anaphylactoid purpura (Henoch-Schönlein syndrome). Fortschr Röntgenstr 1981; 134: 269–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 4.
    Herman PG, Balikian JP, Seltzer SE, et al: The pulmonary-renal syndrome. AJR 1978; 130: 1141–1148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 5.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3 ) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991Google Scholar
  36. 6.
    Schwartz EE, Teplick JG, Onesti G, et al: Pulmonary hemorrhage in renal disease: Goodpasture’s syndrome and other causes. Radiology 1977; 122: 39–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 1.
    Carrington CB, Addington WW, Goff AM, et al: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia. N Engl J Med 1969; 280: 787–798PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 2.
    Liebow AA, Carrington CB: The eosinophilic pneumonias. Medicine 1969; 48: 251–285PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 1.
    Miller WT, Talbot GH, Epstein DM, et al: Radiograhic findings in acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Appl Radiol 1985;May/June:86–95Google Scholar
  40. 2.
    Pennington JE: Dilemma: Pneumonia in the immunocompromised patient. J Resp Dis 1982; 3: 25–29Google Scholar
  41. 1.
    Heitzmann ER: The Lung: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlations. (ed 2 ) St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1984Google Scholar
  42. 2.
    Reed 7C: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 272–300Google Scholar
  43. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 85–88Google Scholar
  44. 1.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 2.
    Felson B: Disseminated interstitial diseases of the lung. Ann Radiol 1966; 9: 325–345PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 1.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  48. 3.
    Trapnell DH: The differential diagnosis of linear shadows in chest radiographs. Radiol Clin North Am 1973; 11: 77–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 1.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  51. 3.
    Heitzman ER: The Lung: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlations. (ed 2 ) St Louis: CV Mosby, 1984Google Scholar
  52. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis Mosby-Year Book, 1991Google Scholar
  53. 5.
    Trapnell DH: The differential diagnosis of linear shadows in chest radiographs. Radiol Clin North Am 1973; 11: 77–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 54–59Google Scholar
  55. 2.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 3.
    James DG, Carstairs LS: Miliary diseases of the lung. Dis Mon. July 1962; pp 1–40Google Scholar
  57. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 258–271Google Scholar
  58. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 30–39Google Scholar
  59. 2.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 3.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  61. 4.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 71–84Google Scholar
  62. 5.
    Friedman PJ: Idiopathic and autoimmune type III-like reactions: Interstitial fibrosis, vasculitis, and granulomatosis. Semin Roentgenol 1975; 10: 43–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 6.
    Gaensler EA, Carrington CB: Open biopsy for chronic diffuse infiltrative lung disease: Clinical, roentgenographic, and physiological correlations in 502 patients. Ann Thorac Surg 1980; 30: 411–426PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 7.
    Teplick JG, Haskins ME: Roentgenologic Diagnosis. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1976Google Scholar
  65. 1.
    Carrington CB, Gaensler EA, Couty RE, et al: Natural history and treated course of usual and desquamative interstitial pneumonia. N Engl J Med 1978; 298: 801–809PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 2.
    Felson B: A new look at pattern recognition of diffuse pulmonary disease. AJR 1979; 133: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 3.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  68. 4.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  69. 5.
    Genereux GP: The end-stage lung: Pathogenesis, pathology, and radiology. Radiology 1975; 116: 279–289PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 6.
    Heard BE: Pathology of interstitial lung diseases, with particular reference to terminology, classification and trephine lung biopsy. Chest 1976; 69: 252–253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 7.
    Lynch JP HI: Practice guidelines in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. J Resp Dis 1981; 121–131Google Scholar
  72. 8.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 245–257Google Scholar
  73. 9.
    Scadding JG: Diffuse pulmonary alveolar fibrosis. Thorax 1974; 29: 271–281PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 10.
    Spencer H: Pathology of the Lung (Excluding Pulmonary Tuberculosis). (ed 3 ) New York: Pergamon Press, 1977Google Scholar
  75. 1.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, p 247Google Scholar
  76. 1.
    Gaensler EA, Carrington CB, Coutu RE: Chronic interstitial pneumonias. Clinical Notes on Respiratory Diseases, Vol. 10. New York: American Thoracic Society, 1972, pp 1–16.Google Scholar
  77. 2.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, p 247Google Scholar
  78. 1.
    Müller N: Lecture at Eleventh Masters Diagnostic Radiology Conference, Kauai, Hawaii, 1992Google Scholar
  79. 1.
    World Health Organization histological typing of lung tumours. Am J Clin Pathol 1982; 77: 123–136Google Scholar
  80. 1.
    Pelson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  81. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 39–48Google Scholar
  82. 3.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 315–338Google Scholar
  83. 4.
    Reeder MM, Hochholzer L, Evans RG: RPC of the Month from the AFIP: Amyloid tumor of the lung. Radiology 1969; 93: 1369–1375PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 5.
    Siegelman SS, Zerhouni EA, Leo FP, et al: CT of the solitary pulmonary nodule. AJR 1980; 135: 1–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 6.
    Steele JD: The Solitary Pulmonary Nodule. Springfield, IL: CC Thomas, 1964Google Scholar
  86. 7.
    Theodore AC, Snider GL: When a routine exam reveals a solitary pulmonary nodule. J Resp Dis 1984; 15–25Google Scholar
  87. 8.
    Toomes H, Delphendahl A, Manke H-G, et al: The coin lesion of the lung. A review of 955 resected coin lesions. Cancer 1983; 51: 534–537PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  89. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 49–58Google Scholar
  90. 3.
    Reeder MM, Hochholzer L, Evans RG: RPC of the Month from the AFIP: Amyloid tumor of the lung. Radiology 1969; 93: 1369–1375PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 4.
    Steele JD: The Solitary Pulmonary Nodule. Springfield, IL: CC Thomas, 1964Google Scholar
  92. 1.
    Gondos B: The left apical cap (Letter to the editor). Radiology 1982: 142: 254PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 2.
    McLoud TC, Isler RI, Novelline RA, et al: Review: The apical cap. AJR 1981; 137: 299–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 1.
    Webb WR: The pleural 41 sign. Radiology 1 78;1 7: 309–313Google Scholar
  95. 1.
    Castaneda-Zuniga WR, Hogan MT: Cavitary pulmonary nodules in systemic lupus erythematosus. Radiology 1976; 118: 45–48PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  97. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 31–38Google Scholar
  98. 4.
    Godwin JD, Webb WR, Savoca CJ et al: Multiple, thin-walled cystic lesions of the lung. AJR 1980; 135: 593–604PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 5.
    Woodring JH, Fried AM: Significance of wall thickness in solitary cavities of the lung: A follow-up study. AJR 1983; 140: 473–474PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 1.
    Coussement AM, Gooding GA: Cavitating pulmonary metastatic disease in children. AJR 1973; 117: 833–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 2.
    Godwin JD, Webb WR, Savoca CJ, et al: Multiple, thin-walled cystic lesions of the lung. AJR 1980; 135: 593–604PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 3.
    Kaufman HJ, Mahboubi S: Unusual air distribution patterns in prematures on positive pressure ventilation. Ann Radiol 1975; 18: 431–438Google Scholar
  103. 1.
    Lubbers DL: Gamut: Solitary pulmonary nodule with cavitation. Semin Roentgenol 1984; 19: 160–161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 2.
    Woodring JH, Fried AM: Significance of wall thickness in solitary cavities of the lung: A follow-up study. AJR 1983; 140: 473–474PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 1.
    Arms RA, Dines DE, Tinstman TC: Aspiration pneumonia. Chest 1974; 65: 136–139PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 1.
    Albelda SM, Gefter WB, Kelley MA, et al: Ventilator-induced subpleural air cysts: Clinical, radiographic, and pathologic significance. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127: 360–365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 2.
    Dines DE: Diagnostic significance of pneumatocele of the lung. JAMA 1968; 204: 79–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 3.
    Fagan CJ, Swischuk LE: Traumatic lung and paramediastinal pneumatoceles. Radiology 1976; 120: 11–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  110. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 31–38, 59–64Google Scholar
  111. 3.
    Godwin JD, Webb WR, Savoca CJ, et al: Multiple, thin-walled cystic lesions of the lung. AJR 1980; 135: 593–604PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 1.
    Godwin JD, Webb WR, Savoca CJ, et al: Multiple, thin-walled cystic lesions of the lung. AJR 1980; 135: 593–604PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 2.
    O’Reilly GV, Dee PH, Otteni GV: Gangrene of the lung: Successful medical management of three patients. Radiology 1978; 126: 575–579PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. 1.
    Braman SS: Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Presentation of a case. N Engl J Med 1983; 310: 178–187Google Scholar
  115. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  116. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RG, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  117. 4.
    Reeder MM: RPC of the Month from the AFIP: Hydatid cyst of the lung. Radiology 1970; 94: 429–437Google Scholar
  118. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 80–81Google Scholar
  119. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  120. 3.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 341–358Google Scholar
  121. 4.
    Swischuk LE: Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Radiology. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1984Google Scholar
  122. 5.
    Thurlbeck WM, Simon G: Radiographic appearance of the chest in emphysema. AJR 1978; 130: 427–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  124. 2.
    Gaensler EA: Unilateral hyperlucent lung. In: Simon M, Potchen J, LeMay M: Frontiers of Pulmonary Radiology. New York: Grune and Stratton, 1969Google Scholar
  125. 3.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 341–358Google Scholar
  126. 4.
    Reid L, Simon G: Unilateral lung transradiancy. Thorax 1962; 17: 230–239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 1.
    Cremin BJ, Movsowitz H: Lobar emphysema in infants. Br J Radiol 1971; 44: 692–696PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  129. 1.
    Silverman FN (ed): Caffey’s Pediatric X-ray Diagnosis. An Integrated Imaging Approach. (ed 8 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1985Google Scholar
  130. 2.
    Swischuk LE: Radiology of the Newborn, Infant, and Young Child. (ed 2 ) Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1989Google Scholar
  131. 3.
    Wesenberg RL: The Newborn Chest. Hagerstown, MD: Harper and Row, 1973Google Scholar
  132. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  133. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  134. 2.
    White RI Jr, Kaufman SL, Donner MW: Angiographic diagnosis of venous thromboembolism revisited. Ann Radiol 1980; 23: 312–315PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. 1.
    Herman PG, Hillman B, Pinkus G, et al: Unusual noninfectious granulomas of the lung. Radiology 1976; 121: 287–292PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 2.
    Creel L: Outline of Radiology. New York: AppletonCentury-Crofts, 1971, pp 10–11Google Scholar
  137. 1.
    Swischuk LE: Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Radiology. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1984, p 79Google Scholar
  138. 1.
    Berkman YM: Aspiration and inhalation pneumonias. Semin Roentgenol 1980; 15: 73–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  140. 1.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, p21Google Scholar
  141. 1.
    Fleischner F, Hampton AD, Castleman B: Linear shadows in the lung (interlobar pleuritis, atelectasis and healed infarction). AJR 1941; 46: 610–618Google Scholar
  142. 2.
    Simon G: Further observations on the long line shadow across a lower zone of the lung. Br J Radiol 1970; 43: 327332Google Scholar
  143. 3.
    Trapnell DH: The differential diagnosis of linear shadows in chest radiographs. Radiol Clin North Am 1973; 11: 77–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. 1.
    Youngberg AS: Unilateral diffuse lung opacity. Differential diagnosis with emphasis on lymphangitic spread of cancer. Radiology 1977; 123: 277–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. 1.
    Ruben EG, Siegelman SS: The Lungs in Systemic Diseases. Springfield, IL: CC Thomas, 1969Google Scholar
  146. 2.
    Taybi H, Lachman RS: Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders, and Skeletal Dysplasias. (ed 3 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1990Google Scholar
  147. 1.
    Edeiken J, Dalinka M, Karasick D: Edeiken’s Roentgen Diagnosis of Diseases Bone. (ed 4 ) Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1989Google Scholar
  148. 2.
    Garrett MK: Gamut: Combined lung and bone disorder. Semin Roentgenol 1985; 20: 323–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 3.
    Murray RO, Jacobson HG, Stoker DJ: The Radiology of Skeletal Disorders. (ed 3 ) London: Churchill Livingstone, 1990Google Scholar
  150. 4.
    Rudolph AM: Pediatrics. Norwalk, CT: Appleton-CenturyCrofts, 1977Google Scholar
  151. 5.
    Taybi H, Lachman RS: Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders, and Skeletal Dysplasias. (ed 3 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1990Google Scholar
  152. 1.
    Carrington CB, Addington WW, Goff AM, et al: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia. N Engl J Med 1969; 280: 787–798PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 2.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging. An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 94–97Google Scholar
  154. 3.
    Heitzman ER: The Lung: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlations. (ed 2) St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1984, pp 241, 276Google Scholar
  155. 4.
    Liebow AA, Carrington CB: The eosinophilic pneumonias. Medicine 1969; 48: 251–285PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 5.
    Schatz M, Wasserman S, Patterson R: The eosinophil and the lung. Arch Intern Med 1982; 142: 1515–1519PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 1.
    Fink JN: Organic dust-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis. J Occup Med 1973; 15: 245–247PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RG, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  159. 3.
    Pepys J, Longbottom JL, Hargrave FE, et al: Allergic reactions of the lungs to enzymes of bacillus subtilis. Lancet 1969; 1: 1181–1194PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988, p 2357Google Scholar
  161. 2.
    Lapp NL: Lung disease secondary to inhalation of nonfibrous minerals. Clin Chest Med 1981; 2: 219–233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. 3.
    Morgan WKC, Seaton A: Occupational Lung Diseases. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1975, p 241Google Scholar
  163. 4.
    Ostiguy GL: Summary of task force report on occupational respiratory disease (pneumoconiosis). Can Med Assoc J 1979; 121: 414–421PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. 5.
    Sander OA: The nonfibrogenic (benign) pneumoconioses. Semin Roentgenol 1967; 2: 312–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 1.
    Putman CE, Loke J, Matthay RA, et al: Radiologic manifestations of acute smoke inhalation. AJR 1977; 129: 865–870PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 2.
    Teixidor HS, Rubin E, Novick GS, et al: Smoke inhalation: Radiologic manifestations. Radiology 1984; 149: 383–387Google Scholar
  167. 1.
    Batist G, Andrews JL Jr: Pulmonary toxicity of antineoplastic drugs. JAMA 1981; 246: 1449–1453PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988, pp 2418–2438Google Scholar
  169. 3.
    Morrison DA, Goldman AL: Radiographic patterns of drug-induced lung disease. Radiology 1979; 131: 299–304PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. 4.
    Rigsby CM, Sostman HD, Matthay RA: Drug-induced lung disease. In: Henley DC, Petty TL (eds): Recent Advances in Respiratory Medicine. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1983, pp 131–158Google Scholar
  171. 5.
    Rosenow EC III: The spectrum of drug-induced pulmonary disease. Ann Intern Med 1972; 97: 977–991Google Scholar
  172. 6.
    Rosenow EC III, Wilson WR, Cockerill RF III: Pulmonary disease in the immunocompromised host. Mayo Clin Proc 1985; 60: 473–487PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 7.
    Weiss RB, Muggia FM: Cytotoxic drug-induced pulmonary disease: Update 1980. Am J Med 1980; 08: 259–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  175. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  176. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  177. 2.
    Pagani JJ, Libshitz HI: Opportunistic fungal pneumonia in cancer patients. AJR 1981; 137: 1033–1039PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 3.
    Rosenow EC III, Wilson WR, Cockerill FR III: Pulmonary disease in the immunocompromised host (Part I). Mayo Clinic Proc 1985; 62: 473–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  180. 2.
    Pagani JJ, Libshitz HI: Opportunistic fungal pneumonia in cancer patients. AJR 1981; 137: 1033–1039PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 3.
    Roberts SR Jr: Immunology and the lung: An overview. Semin Roentgenol 1975; 10: 7–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 4.
    Rosenow EC III, Wilson WR, Cockerill FR III: Pulmonary disease in the immunocompromised host (Part I). Mayo Clinic Proc 1985; 60: 473–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 1.
    Caldarola VT, Harrison EG Jr, Clagett OT, et al: Benign tumors and tumorlike conditions of the trachea and bronchi. Ann Oto Rhino Laryngol 1964; 73: 1042–1061Google Scholar
  184. 2.
    Felson B: Mucoid impaction in segmental bronchial obstruction. Radiology 1979; 133: 9–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. 3.
    Felson B: Neoplasms of the trachea and main stem bronchus. Semin Roentgenol 1983; 18: 23–37PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 1.
    Felson B: Mucoid impaction in segmental bronchial obstruction. Radiology 1979; 133: 9–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. 2.
    Laforet EG: Mucoid impaction of a stem bronchus. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1974; 68: 309–312PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. 1.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux, GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  189. 2.
    Müller NL, Bergin CJ, Ostrow DN, et al: Role of computed tomography in the recognition of bronchiectasis. AJR 1984; 143: 971–976PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 1.
    Felson B: Neoplasms of the trachea and main stem bronchi. Semin Roentgenol 1983; 18: 23–37PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 2.
    Fleming RJ, Medina J, Seaman WB: Roentgenographic aspects of tracheal tumors. Radiology 1962; 79: 628–636PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. 3.
    Kushner DC, Harris GBC: Obstructing lesions of the larynx and trachea in infants and children. Radiol Clin North Am 1978; 16: 181–194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. 4.
    Weber AL, Grillo HC: Tracheal tumors: A radiological, clinical, and pathological evaluation of 84 cases. Radiol Clin North Am 1978; 16: 227–246PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. 1.
    MacMahon H, O’Connell DJ, Cimochowski GE: Pedunculated endotracheal metastasis. AJR 1978; 131: 713–714PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 1.
    Hemmingsson A, Lindgren PG: Roentgenologic examina- tion of tracheal stenosis. Acta Radiol 1978; 19: 753–765Google Scholar
  196. 1.
    Berkmen YM: The trachea: The blind spot in the chest. Radiol Clin North Am 1984; 22: 539–562PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. 2.
    Raider L: The retrotracheal triangle. Chest 1973; 63: 835–838PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 1.
    Felson B: Neoplasms of the trachea and main stem bronchus. Semin Roentgenol 1983; 18: 23–37PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 2.
    Savoca CJ, Austin JHM, Goldberg HI: The right para-tracheal stripe. Radiology 1977; 122: 295–301PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. 3.
    Woodring JH, Pulmano CM, Stevens RK: The right para-tracheal stripe in blunt chest trauma. Radiology 1982; 143: 605–608PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. 1.
    Daniel RA Jr, Diveley WL, Edwards WH, et al: Mediastinal tumors. Ann Surg 1960; 151: 783–795PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  203. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  204. 4.
    Heitzman ER: The Mediastinum: Radiologic Correlations with Anatomy and Pathology. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1977Google Scholar
  205. 5.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 97–108Google Scholar
  206. 6.
    Rosenow EC III, Hurley BT: Disorders of the thymus. A review. Arch Intern Med 1984; 144: 763–770PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 7.
    Silverman FN (ed): Caffey’s Pediatric X-ray Diagnosis. (ed 8 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1985Google Scholar
  208. 1.
    Daniel RA Jr, Diveley WL, Edwards WH, et al: Mediastinal tumors. Ann Surg 1960; 151: 783–795PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  210. 3.
    Heitzman ER: The Mediastinum: Radiology Correlations with Anatomy and Pathology. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1977Google Scholar
  211. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis. Mosby Year Book, 1991, pp 109–129Google Scholar
  212. 5.
    Reed JC, Sobonya RE: Morphologic analysis of foregut cysts in the thorax. AJR 1974; 120: 851–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 6.
    Silverman FN (ed): Caffey’ s Pediatric X-Ray Diagnosis. (ed 8 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1985Google Scholar
  214. 1.
    Daniel RA Jr, Diveley WL, Edwards WH, et al: Mediastinal tumors. Ann Surg 1960; 151: 783–795PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  216. 3.
    Heitzman ER: The Mediastinum: Radiology Correlations with Anatomy and Pathology. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1977Google Scholar
  217. 4.
    Paré JAP, Fraser RG: Synopsis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1983, p 700Google Scholar
  218. 5.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnosis. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby Year Book, 1991, pp 146–163Google Scholar
  219. 6.
    Rosenow EC III, Hurley BT: Disorders of the thymus. A review. Arch Intern Med 1984; 144: 763–770PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 7.
    Silverman FN (ed): Caffey’s Pediatric X-ray Diagnosis. (ed 8) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1985; p 1343Google Scholar
  221. 1.
    Brunner DR, Whitley NO: A pericardial cyst with high CT numbers. AJR 1984; 142: 279–280PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 2.
    Chalaoui J, Sylvestre J, Dussault, et al: Thoracic fatty lesions: Some usual and unusual appearances. J Can Assoc Radiol 1981; 32: 197–201PubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. 3.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 108–129Google Scholar
  224. 4.
    Mendelson DS, Rose JS, Efremidis SC, et al: Bronchogenic cysts with high CT numbers. AJR 1983; 140: 463–465PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. 5.
    Mendez G Jr, Isikoff MB, Isikoff SK, et al: Fatty tumors of the thorax demonstrated by CT. AJR 1979; 133: 207–212PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 6.
    Pugatch RD, Braver JH, Robbins AH, et al: CT diagnosis of pericardial cysts. AJR 1978; 131: 515–516PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 1.
    Feigin DS, Fenoglio JJ, McAllister HA, et al: Pericardial cysts. A radiologic-pathologic correlation and review. Radiology 1977; 125: 15–20PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. 2.
    Ochsner JL, Ochsner SF: Congenital cysts of the mediastinum: 20-year experience with 42 cases. Ann Surg 1966; 163: 909–920PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. 3.
    Sullivan MA: Case of the day. Case 5: Mediastinal cyst. AJR 1982; 138: 1202–1203Google Scholar
  230. 1.
    Baron RL, Levitt RG, Sagel SS, et al: Computed tomography in the evaluation of mediastinal widening. Radiology 1981; 13: 107–113Google Scholar
  231. 2.
    Siegel MJ, Sagel SS, Reed K: The value of computed tomography in the diagnosis and management of pediatric mediastinal abnormalities. Radiology 1986; 142: 149–155Google Scholar
  232. 3.
    Silverman FN (ed): Caffey’s Pediatric X-ray Diagnosis. (ed 8 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1985Google Scholar
  233. 4.
    Swischuk LE: Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Radiology. Baltimore. Williams and Wilkins, 1984Google Scholar
  234. 1.
    Jemelin C, Candardjis G: Retrosternal soft tissue: Quantitative evaluation and clinical interest. Landmarks between normal and pathological aspects. Radiology 1973; 109: 7–11PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. 2.
    Pfister RC, Oh KS, Ferrucci JT Jr: Retrosternal density: A radiological evaluation of the retrostemal mediastinal space. Radiology 1970; 96: 317–324PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. 3.
    Silverman FN (ed): Caffey’s Pediatric X-ray Diagnosis. (ed 8 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1985Google Scholar
  237. 4.
    Whalen JP, Meyers MA, Oliphant M, et al: The retrostemal line: A new sign of an anterior mediastinal mass. AJR 1973; 117: 861–872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 1.
    Baron RL, Lee JKT, Sagel SS, et al: Computed tomography of the abnormal thymus. Radiology 1982; 142: 127–134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. 1.
    Rose JS, Levin DC, Goldstein S: Congenital absence of the pulmonary valve associated with congenital aplasia of the thymus (DiGeorge’s syndrome). AJR 1974; 122: 97–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 2.
    Taybi H, Lachman RS: Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders, and Skeletal Dysplasias. (ed 3 ) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1990Google Scholar
  241. 1.
    Castellino RA, Blank N: Adenopathy of the cardiophrenic angle (diaphragmatic) lymph nodes. AJR 1972; 114: 509–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  243. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré, Fraser RS, Genereux GP: Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1988Google Scholar
  244. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 126–129Google Scholar
  245. 2.
    Heitzman ER: The Mediastinum: Radiologic Correlation with Anatomy and Pathology. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1977Google Scholar
  246. 3.
    Lund G, Lien HH; Abnormalities of the azygo-esophageal recess at computed tomography. Acta Radiol (Diagn) 1983: 24: 3–10Google Scholar
  247. 1.
    Bree RL, Neiman HL, Hodak JA, et al: Extramedullary hematopoiesis in the spinal epidural space. J Can Assoc Radiol 1974; 25: 297–299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. 2.
    Samuels MA, Schiller AL, Richardson EP Jr: Paget’s disease of bone, paraparesis, and a paravertebral mass. N Engl J Med 1981; 304: 1411–1421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. 1.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 83–96Google Scholar
  250. 1.
    Enquist RW, Blanck RR, Butler RH: Nontraumatic mediastinitis. JAMA 1976; 236: 1048–1049PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. 2.
    Forrest IV, Shackelford GD, Bramson RT, et al: Acute mediastinal widening. AJR 1973; 117: 881–885CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. 1.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, p 84Google Scholar
  253. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  254. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 119–125Google Scholar
  255. 3.
    Heitzman ER: The Mediastinum: Radiologic Correlation with Anatomy and Pathology. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1977Google Scholar
  256. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 130–145Google Scholar
  257. 5.
    Teplick JG, Haskin ME: Roentgenologic Diagnosis. (ed 3 ): Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1976Google Scholar
  258. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  259. 2.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 119–125Google Scholar
  260. 3.
    Heitzman ER: The Mediastinum: Radiologic Correlation with Anatomy and Pathology. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1977Google Scholar
  261. 4.
    Palla A, Donnamaria V, Petruzzelli S, et al. Enlargement of the right descending pulmonary artery in pulmonary embolism. AJR 1983; 141: 513–517PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 130–133Google Scholar
  263. 2.
    Reed IC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 71–82Google Scholar
  264. 1.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 134–135Google Scholar
  265. 2.
    Felson B: The mediastinum. Semin Roentgenol 1969; 4: 4158Google Scholar
  266. 3.
    Gray JM, Hanson GC: Mediastinal emphysema; Aetiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Thorax 1966; 21: 325–332PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. 4.
    Munsell WP: Pneumomediastinum: A report of 28 cases and review of the literature. JAMA 1967; 202: 129–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  269. 2.
    Lee CY, DiLoreto PC, Beaudoin J: Catamenial pneumothorax. Obstet Gynecol 1974; 44: 407–411PubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. 3.
    Lote K, Dahl O, Vigander T: Pneumothorax during combination chemotherapy. Cancer 1981; 47: 1743–1745PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  272. 2.
    Friedman PJ, Hellekant CAG: Radiologic recognition of bronchopleural fistula. Radiology 1977; 124: 289–295PubMedGoogle Scholar
  273. 3.
    Lams P: Radiographic signs in post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula. J Can Assoc Radiol 1980; 31: 178–180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  274. 1.
    Baron RL, Stark DD, McClennan BL: Intrathoracic extension of retroperitoneal urine collection. AJR 1981; 137: 3741Google Scholar
  275. 2.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 144–147Google Scholar
  276. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 99–106Google Scholar
  277. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 37–49Google Scholar
  278. 5.
    Rosenow EC III: The spectrum of drug-induced pulmonary disease. Ann Intern Med 1972; 97: 977–991Google Scholar
  279. 6.
    Storey DD, Dines DE, Coles DT: Pleural effusion: A diagnostic dilemma. JAMA 1976; 236: 2183–2186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. 7.
    Teplick JG, Haskin ME: Roentgenologic Diagnosis. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1976Google Scholar
  281. 1.
    Baron RL, Stark DD, McClennan BL: Intrathoracic extension of retroperitoneal urine collection. AJR 1981; 137: 3741Google Scholar
  282. 2.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 148–151Google Scholar
  283. 3.
    Fraser RG, Paré JAP, Paré PD, Fraser RS: Differential Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1991, pp 107–118Google Scholar
  284. 4.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 37–49Google Scholar
  285. 5.
    Storey DD, Dines DE, Coles DT: Pleural effusion. A diagnostic dilemma. JAMA 1976; 236: 2183–2186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. 6.
    Teplick JG, Haskin ME: Roentgenologic Diagnosis. (ed 3 ) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1976Google Scholar
  287. 1.
    Light RW, Erozan YS, Ball WC Jr: Cells in pleural fluid: Their value in differential diagnosis. Arch Intern Med 1973; 132: 854–860PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. 1.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, p41Google Scholar
  289. 1.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, p41Google Scholar
  290. 1.
    Lieberman FL, Peters RL: Cirrhotic hydrothorax: Further evidence that an acquired diaphragmatic defect is at fault. Arch Intern Med 1970; 125: 114–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  291. 1.
    Bower GC: Chylothorax: Observations in 20 cases. Chest 1964; 46: 464–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  292. 2.
    Freundlich IM: The role of lymphangiography in chylothorax. A report of six nontraumatic cases. AJR 1975; 125: 617–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. 3.
    Hesseling PG, Hoffman H: Chylothorax: A review of the literature and report of 3 cases. S Afr Med J 1981; 60: 675–678PubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. 4.
    Hughes RL, Mintzer RA, Hidvagi DF, et al: The management of chylothorax. Chest 1979; 76: 212–218PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  295. 1.
    Liberson M: Diagnostic significance of the mediastinal profile in massive unilateral pleural effusions. Am Rev Resp Dis 1963; 88: 176–180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  296. 2.
    Swischuk LE: Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Radiology. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1984Google Scholar
  297. 1.
    Liberson M: Diagnostic significance of the mediastinal profile in massive unilateral pleural effusions. Am Rev Resp Dis 1963; 88: 176–180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. 2.
    Swischuk LE: Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Radiology. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1984Google Scholar
  299. 1.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 50–61Google Scholar
  300. 1.
    Nichols DM, Johnson MA: Calcification in a pleural mesothelioma. J Can Assoc Radio! 1983; 34: 311–313Google Scholar
  301. 2.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 50–61Google Scholar
  302. 3.
    Watanabe T, Kobayashi T: Pleural calcification: A type of “metastatic calcification” in chronic renal failure. Br J Radio! 1983; 56: 93–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  303. 1.
    Berne AS, Heitzman ER: The roentgenologic signs of pedunculated pleural tumors. AJR 1962; 87: 892–895Google Scholar
  304. 2.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 18–36Google Scholar
  305. 3.
    Reeder MM: Gamut: Pleural-based lesion arising from the lung, pleura or chest wall. Semin Roentgenol 1977; 12: 261–262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  306. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  307. 2.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 6–17Google Scholar
  308. 3.
    Reeder MM: Gamut: Pleural-based lesion arising from lung, pleura, or chest wall. Semin Roentgenol 1977; 12: 261PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. 1.
    Ome11 GH, Anderson LS, Bramson RT: Chest wall tumors. Radiol Clin North Am 1973; 11: 197–214PubMedGoogle Scholar
  310. 2.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991, pp 6–17Google Scholar
  311. 1.
    HachiyaJ (Tokyo): Lecture at Eleventh Masters Diagnostic Radiology Conference, Kauai, Hawaii, 1992Google Scholar
  312. 1.
    Felson B (ed): Dwarfs and other little people. Semin Roentgenol 1973; 8: 133–263Google Scholar
  313. 2.
    Taybi H, Lachman RS: Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders, and Skeletal Dysplasias. (ed 3) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1990, p 881Google Scholar
  314. 1.
    Taybi H, Lachman RS: Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders, and Skeletal Dysplasias. (ed 3) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1990, p 881Google Scholar
  315. 1.
    Felson B (ed): Dwarfs and other little people. Semin Roentgenol 1973; 8: 133–263Google Scholar
  316. 2.
    Taybi H, Lachman RS: Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders, and Skeletal Dysplasias. (ed 3) Chicago: Year Book Medical Publ, 1990, p 883Google Scholar
  317. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  318. 2.
    Wexler HA, Poole CA: Neonatal diaphragmatic dysfunction. AJR 1976; 127: 617–622PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. 1.
    Anderson LS, Forrest JV: Tumors of the diaphragm. AJR 1973; 119: 259–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  320. 2.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  321. 3.
    Guenter CA, Whitelaw WA: The role of diaphragm function in disease. Arch Intern Med 1979; 139: 806–808PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  322. 4.
    Okuda K, Nomura F, Kawai M, et al: Age related gross changes of the liver and right diaphragm, with special reference to partial eventration. Br J Radiol 1979; 52: 870–875PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  323. 5.
    Reed JC: Chest Radiology. Plain Film Patterns and Differential Diagnoses. (ed 3 ) St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1991Google Scholar
  324. 1.
    Alexander G: Diaphragm movements and the diagnosis of diaphragmatic paralysis. Clin Radiol 1966; 17: 79–83PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  325. 2.
    Prasad S, Athreya BH: Transient paralysis of the phrenic nerve associated with head injury. JAMA 1976; 236: 2532–2533PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  326. 3.
    Simon G, Bonnell J, Kazantzis G, et al: Some radiological observations on the range of movement of the diaphragm. Clin Radiol 1969; 20: 231–233PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  327. 1.
    Kattan KR, Eyler WR, Felson B: The juxtaphrenic peak in upper lobe collapse. Semin Roentgenol 1980; 15: 187–193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  328. 2.
    Rivero HJ, Bowen AD, Bender TM, et al: Radiological evaluation of diaphragm and juxtadiaphragmatic lesions. Exhibit, American Roentgen Ray Society, Boston, 1985Google Scholar
  329. 1.
    Rivero HJ, Bowen AD, Bender TM, et al: Radiological evaluation of diaphragm and juxtadiaphragmatic lesions. Exhibit, American Roentgen Ray Society Meeting, Boston, 1985Google Scholar
  330. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  331. 2.
    Felson B: Thoracic calcifications. Chest 1969; 56: 330–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  332. 3.
    Salzman E: Lung Calcifications in X-ray Diagnosis. Springfield: CC Thomas, 1968Google Scholar
  333. 4.
    Swischuk LE: Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Radiology. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1984, p 45Google Scholar
  334. 1.
    Bein ME, Lee DBN, Mink JH, et al: Unusual case of metastatic pulmonary calcification. AJR 1979; 132: 812–816PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  335. 2.
    Cohen AM, Maxon HR, Goldsmith RE, et al: Metastatic pulmonary calcification in primary hyperparathyroidism. Arch Intern Med 1977; 137: 520–522PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  336. 3.
    Eisenberg RL: Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. (ed 2) Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1992, pp 90–93Google Scholar
  337. 4.
    Felson B: Thoracic calcifications. Chest 1969; 56: 330–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  338. 5.
    Felson B, Schwarz J, Lukin RR, et al: Idiopathic pulmonary ossification. Radiology 1984; 153: 303–310PubMedGoogle Scholar
  339. 6.
    Salzman E: Lung Calcification in X-ray Diagnosis. Springfield: CC Thomas, 1968Google Scholar
  340. 1.
    Greenfield GB: Radiology of Bone Diseases. (ed 5 ) Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1990Google Scholar
  341. 1.
    Felson B: Chest Roentgenology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1973Google Scholar
  342. 2.
    Gross GH, Schneider HJ, Proto AV: Eggshell calcification of lymph nodes: An update. AJR 1980; 135: 1265–1268PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  343. 3.
    Jacobson G, Felson B, Pendergrass EP, et al: Eggshell calcifications in coal and metal miners. Semin Roentgenol 1967; 2: 276–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurice M. Reeder
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Section of Radiology, John A. Burns School of MedicineUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Medical CorpsUnited States Army, RetiredUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyWalter Reed Army Medical CenterUSA
  4. 4.United States ArmyUSA
  5. 5.Registry of Radiologic PathologyArmed Forces Institute of PathologyUSA

Personalised recommendations