The Effects of Anesthesia on Fetal Blood Gases

  • Karen Knieriem


In order to understand the effects of anesthesia on fetal blood gases, it is important to review the basics from the gross anatomy of uteroplacental circulation to the biochemistry of gas exchange. After reviewing the basics, it will become fairly obvious how anesthesia impinges upon them to potentially alter fetal blood gases.


Oxygen Transfer Umbilical Artery Fetal Hemoglobin Plasma Norepinephrine Level Uterine Blood Flow 
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  1. 1.
    Hunt CO. Uteroplacental circulation — Anesthesiologist’s view. In Common Problems in Obstetric Anesthesia, S. Datta and G.W. Ostheimer, Year Book Medical Publisher, Inc., Chicago, 987, pp 58 – 63.Google Scholar
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    Metcalfe J, Bartels H, and Moll W. Gas exchange in the pregnant uterus. Physiol Rev 47: 782–838, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Parer JT. Uteroplacental circulation and respiratory gas exchange. In Anesthesia for Obstetrics. 2nd Ed., SM Schnider and G Levinson, eds.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Knieriem
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of New MexicoUSA

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