Biomechanics pp 466-499 | Cite as

Smooth Muscles

  • Yuan-Cheng Fung
Chapter

Abstract

Muscles in which striations cannot be seen are called smooth muscles. Smooth muscles of the blood vessels are called vascular smooth muscles. That of the intestine is intestinal smooth muscle. Different organs have different smooth muscles: there are sufficient differences among these muscles anatomically, functionally, mechanically, and in their responses to drugs to justify studying them one by one. But there are also common features. All muscles contain actin and myosin. All rely on ATP for energy. Changes in the cell membrane induce Na+ and K+ ion fluxes and action potentials. The Ca++ flux furnishes the excitation-contraction coupling. These properties are similar in all muscles.

Keywords

Smooth Muscle Muscle Length Active Tension Thick Filament Contractile Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan-Cheng Fung
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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