Systems and Measurement

  • Robert L. Flood
  • Ewart R. Carson


Chapters 1 and 2 have put in place an understanding of systems terms and concepts, and systems and complexity. We now need to complete the fundamental introductory material provided by Theme A before we can move on to the remaining themes, Theme B on systems in the natural sciences and Theme C on systems in the social sciences. Measurement is the subject matter that does the completion job.


Ratio Scale Logical Property Interval Scale League Table Rugby League 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Flood
    • 1
  • Ewart R. Carson
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of HullHullEngland
  2. 2.City UniversityLondonEngland

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