Very Low-Distortion Operational Transconductance Amplifiers for High-Frequency Applications

  • José Silva-Martínez
  • Michiel Steyaert
  • Willy Sansen
Part of the The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 223)


In the previous chapter, it has been mentioned that the characteristics of analog filters are determined by the precision of both the integrator time constant and the dc gain of the lossy integrators [1]. Several techniques for the implementation of full CMOS continuous-time integrators have been already reported [2–5,7,12–22,24,25]. These design techniques can be divided in RC active filters, MOSFET-C filters and OTA-C filters.


Harmonic Distortion Total Harmonic Distortion Differential Pair Output Conductance Intermodulation Distortion 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Silva-Martínez
    • 1
  • Michiel Steyaert
    • 2
  • Willy Sansen
    • 2
  1. 1.Autonomous University of PueblaMexico
  2. 2.Catholic University LeuvenBelgium

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