The Prokaryotes pp 3994-4022 | Cite as

The Hemotrophic Bacteria: The Families Bartonellaceae and Anaplasmataceae

  • Julius P. Kreier
  • Rainer Gothe
  • Garret M. Ihler
  • Heinz E. Krampitz
  • Glenda Mernaugh
  • Guy H. Palmer


The organisms of the genera included in the families Bartonellaceae and Anaplasmataceae are heterogeneous. It is probable that these organisms were first considered to be related because they all parasitized red blood cells and because they produced diseases characterized by anemia. The additional observations that all of these organisms were best demonstrated by light microscopy of red blood cells after treatment with Romanovsky-type stains, and that they were all quite small, reinforced adherence to the grouping based on the common hemotrophism. The small size and the often intracellular site of growth of the organisms and their dependence for transmission on arthropods also suggested a relationship to the Rickettsiales (Kreier and Ristic, 1972, 1973). The attributes of some members of the two families are summarized in Table 1.


Blood Film Vertebrate Host Infected Erythrocyte Blood Parasite Ixodid Tick 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julius P. Kreier
  • Rainer Gothe
  • Garret M. Ihler
  • Heinz E. Krampitz
  • Glenda Mernaugh
  • Guy H. Palmer

There are no affiliations available

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