The Prokaryotes pp 3608-3619 | Cite as

The Genus Porphyromonas

  • Haroun N. Shah


Black-pigmented bacteria resembling bacteroides were first reported by Oliver and Wherry (1921). The distinctive pigment produced on blood agar was considered to be melanin and consequently the organism was called Bacteroides melaninogenicum. Because of its requirement for × and V growth factors, the species was described as Haemophilus melaninogenicus in the third edition of Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (Bergey et al., 1930). However, in the fifth edition of Bergey’s Manual (Roy and Kelly, 1939), the generic name Bacteroides was adopted, as suggested by Castellani and Chalmers (1919), and H. melaninogenicus was reclassified as Bacteroides melaninogenicus (Roy and Kelly, 1939).


Malate Dehydrogenase Phenylacetic Acid Blood Agar Plate Dimethyl Ester Isovaleric Acid 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

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  • Haroun N. Shah

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