The Prokaryotes pp 3537-3559 | Cite as

The Genus Treponema

  • James N. Miller
  • Robert M. Smibert
  • Steven J. Norris


The genus Treponema is composed of both pathogenic and nonpathogenic species indigenous to humans and animals. They are helical, tightly coiled, motile spirochetes ranging from 5–20μm in length and 0.1–0.4μm in diameter and are best observed by dark-field microscopy. The organisms stain poorly with the usual aniline dyes; however, those that are capable of aniline-dye uptake are Gram-negative. Staining can best be accomplished by the use of silver impregnation or immunofluorescent methods. A general review of the spirochetes is given in Chapter 191.


Rumen Fluid Isobutyric Acid Axial Filament Thiamine Pyrophosphate Sodium Thioglycolate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • James N. Miller
  • Robert M. Smibert
  • Steven J. Norris

There are no affiliations available

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