The Prokaryotes pp 3331-3338 | Cite as

The Genus Pasteurella

  • Reggie Y. C. Lo
  • Patricia E. Shewen


The genus Pasteurella is the type genus of the family Pasteurellaceae which comprises the recognized genera Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, and Pasteurella (Mannheim, 1984). The organization of Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, and Pasteurella in a family has been established from phenotypic comparisons (Kilian and Frederiksen, 1981a, 1981b) as well as DNA-DNA hybridization analysis (Christian et al., 1981; Mannheim, 1981; Pohl, 1981) and 16S rRNA sequence analysis (Chuba et al., 1988). The members of the family Pasteurellaceae have had various taxonomic placements over the past 50 years. Some of these include Parvobacteriaceae in 1934 (Bergey, 1934) and Brucellaceae in 1957. The latter family included other genera such as Yersinia, Francisella, Moraxella, Bordetella, and Brucella in addition to Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, and Pasteurella (Breed et al., 1957). In the 1984 Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, the family Pasteurellaceae is listed in Section 5 under “Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Negative Rods” (Manheim, 1984). A detailed taxonomic analysis of the genus Pasteurella is described by Mutters et al. (1989). Using 16S RNA cataloging analysis, Woese et al. (1985) proposed that the family Pasteurellaceae be placed in the gamma subgroup of the purple bacteria together with the Enterobacteriaceae and the Vibrionaceae as the three families of Gram-negative facultative anaerobic bacteria (Woese, 1987).


Virulence Factor Domestic Duck Major Virulence Factor Bordetella Bronchiseptica Atrophic Rhinitis 
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  • Reggie Y. C. Lo
  • Patricia E. Shewen

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