Internal Natural Convection: Heating from the Side

  • Donald A. Nield
  • Adrian Bejan


Enclosures heated from the side are most representative of porous systems that function while oriented vertically, as in the insulations for buildings, industrial cold-storage installations, and cryogenics. As in the earlier chapters, we begin with the most fundamental aspects of the convection heat transfer process when the flow is steady and in the Darcy regime. Later, we examine the special features of flows that deviate from the Darcy regime, flows that are time dependent, and flows that are confined in geometries more complicated than the two-dimensional rectangular space shown in Fig. 7.1.


Porous Medium Nusselt Number Natural Convection Rayleigh Number Heat Transfer Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald A. Nield
    • 1
  • Adrian Bejan
    • 2
  1. 1.Engineering SciencesUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Mechanical EngineeringDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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