Internal Natural Convection: Heating from Below

  • Donald A. Nield
  • Adrian Bejan


We start with the simplest case, that of zero flow through the fluid-saturated porous medium. For an equilibrium state the momentum equation is satisfied if
$$ - \nabla P + pfg = 0 $$


Heat Transfer Porous Medium Nusselt Number Rayleigh Number Fluid Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald A. Nield
    • 1
  • Adrian Bejan
    • 2
  1. 1.Engineering SciencesUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Mechanical EngineeringDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

Personalised recommendations