Preclinical Presbyopic Development

  • Corina Vandepol
  • Lawrence Stark
Part of the Perspectives in Vision Research book series (PIVR)


Determination of the amplitude of accommodation using subjective methods is the most common clinical practice, and for a great number of years since Donders, subjective methods have been used in the laboratory as well. Although objective methods are available, they often require the employment of special procedures such as the use of infrared light, ultrasound, or photography (see Appendix).


Angular Size Subjective Method Common Clinical Practice Research Center Cooperative Purkinje Image 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corina Vandepol
    • 1
  • Lawrence Stark
    • 1
  1. 1.School of OptometryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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