The Disruptive Effects of Optical Aids on Retinal Image Stability during Head Movements

  • Frederick A. Miles
Part of the Perspectives in Vision Research book series (PIVR)


Eye movements exist to aid vision by directing gaze toward objects of particular interest and, should those objects move, by tracking them. There are two basic kinds of eye movements: saccadic, which serve to shift fixation and thereby bring pertinent retinal images into the fovea where vision is most acute, and smooth, which serve to keep those images in the fovea by compensating for movements of the object or the observer. Visual acuity begins to deteriorate significantly when retinal images drift at more than a few degrees per second (Westheimer and McKee, 1975), and it is the smooth eye movements that operate to minimize such drift.


Retinal Image Head Rotation Head Turn Otolith Organ Retinal Slip 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick A. Miles
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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