Adaptive Control of Saccade Metrics

  • Heiner Deubel
Part of the Perspectives in Vision Research book series (PIVR)


Applying optical aids distorts the relationship established between the visual signals impinging on the retina and our “model of the outside world” by which we plan directed motor activity such as hand or head movements toward an object. So, putting on magnifying or reducing spectacles raises a serious problem for the performance of the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR), which takes a nonvisual signal derived from the semicircular canals to compensate for retinal slip otherwise induced by head turns. The VOR gain becomes inappropriate, and this results, perceptually, in perceived instability of the visual world, eventually causing nausea. Fortunately, these initial problems disappear rapidly, within a few hours or days. An important factor for this kind of habituation is the capacity of the VOR gain for adaptive recalibration, as has been investigated in numerous studies (e.g., Miles and Fuller, 1974; Miles and Eighmy, 1980).


VISUOMOTOR Adaptation Saccadic Direction Target Step Saccadic System Saccadic Adaptation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abel, L. A., Schmidt, D., Dell’Osso, L. F., and Daroff, R. B., 1978, Saccadic system plasticity in humans, Ann. Neurol. 4:313–318.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bahill, A. T., Clark, M. R., and Stark, L., 1975, The main sequence, a tool for studying human eye movements, Math. Bio-sci. 24:191–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bridgeman, B., Hendry, D., and Stark, L., 1975, Failure to detect displacement of the visual world during saccadic eye movements, Vision Res. 15:719–722.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deubel, H., 1987, Adaptivity of gain and direction in oblique sac-cades, in: Eye Movements: From Physiology to Cognition (J. K. O’Regan and A. Levy-Schoen, eds.), Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 181–190.Google Scholar
  5. Deubel, H., Wolf, W., and Hauske, G., 1984, The evaluation of the oculomotor error signal, in: Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Eye Movement Research (A. G. Gale and F. W. Johnson, eds.), Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 55–62.Google Scholar
  6. Deubel, H., Wolf, W., and Hauske, G., 1986, Adaptive gain control of saccadic eye movements, Hum. Neurobiol. 5:245–253.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Gleason, G., and Schor, C., 1989, Selective differential binocular adaptation of vertical saccades and pursuits, Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 30(3)(Suppl.):185.Google Scholar
  8. Henson, D. B., 1978, Corrective saccades: Effect of altering visual feedback, Vision Res. 18:63–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kommerell, G., Olivier, D., and Theopold, H., 1976, Adaptive programming of phasic and tonic components in saccadic eye movements, Invest. Ophthalmol. 15:657–660.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. McLaughlin, S. C., 1967, Parametric adjustment in saccadic eye movements, Percept. Psychophys. 2:359–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Miles, F. A., and Eighmy, B. B., 1980, Long-term adaptive changes in primate vestibuloocular reflex. I. Behavioural observations, J. Neurophysiol. 43:1406–1425.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Miles, F. A., and Fuller, J. H., 1974, Adaptive plasticity in the vestibuloocular responses of the rhesus monkey, Brain Res. 80:512–516.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Miller, J. M., Anstis, T., and Templeton, W. B., 1981, Saccadic plasticity: Parametric adaptive control by retinal feedback, J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 7:356–366.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Optican, L. M., and Miles, F. A., 1985, Visually induced adaptive changes in primate oculomotor control signals, J. Neurophysiol. 54:940–958.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Optican, L. M., and Robinson, D. A., 1980, Cerebellar-dependent adaptive control of primate saccadic system, J. Neurophysiol. 44:1058–1076.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Semmlow, J. L., Gauthier, G. M., and Vercher, J. L., 1989, Mechanisms of short-term saccadic adaptation, J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 15:249–258.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Virre, E., Cadera, W., and Vilis, T., 1988, Monocular adaptation of the saccadic system and vestibulo-ocular reflex, Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 29(8): 1339–1347.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heiner Deubel
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institute for Behavioral PhysiologySeewiesenGermany

Personalised recommendations