Applications of Unique Factorization
The importance of the notion of prime number should be evident from the results of Chapter 1.
In this chapter we shall give several proofs of the fact that there are infinitely many primes in ℤ. We shall also consider the analogous question for the ring k[x].
The theorem of unique prime decomposition is sometimes referred to as the fundamental theorem of arithmetic. We shall begin to demonstrate its usefulness by using it to investigate the properties of some natural number-theoretic functions.
KeywordsPrime Number Finite Field Unique Factorization Riemann Zeta Function Irreducible Polynomial
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