Pain and Pain Management

  • Richard Payne
  • Gavril W. Pasternak

Abstract

The principles of pain management1 are similar for young and old patients (Table 45.1). However, the geriatric population is more likely to experience a number of specific pain problems. Treatment also must be tailored to the elderly patient due to differences in sensitivities to many analgesic agents. This chapter will review the general concept of pain in elderly persons, starting with current knowledge that concerns the role of the nervous system in the modulation of nociperception and the assessment and treatment of specific pain problems in the elderly patient, emphasizing features that are unique to this population, but stressing the importance of a careful evaluation of the pain complaint and the aggressive but judicious use of all available therapeutic modalities for the prompt relief of pain with the minimum amount of adverse effects. Drug therapy for pain will be emphasized, particularly the issues of altered pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic responses to a wide variety of pharmacologic agents in the geriatric population (see also Chapter 7).

Keywords

Pain Syndrome Cancer Pain Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Postherpetic Neuralgia Compute Tomogra 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Payne
  • Gavril W. Pasternak

There are no affiliations available

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