Otology

  • Ernest Mhoon

Abstract

Harris1 reports that hearing impairment is the second most common medical problem affecting the geriatric age group, second only to arthritis. Moreover, the most common cause of hearing loss in the adult population is presbycusis,2 hearing loss attributed to aging. Once a diagnosis of presbycusis or other disor­der is established, a program of aural rehabilitation can be initiated. Dizziness and imbalance are very com­mon complaints among older persons but are often difficult to diagnose and manage, because balance is subserved by a complex interrelationship between the vestibular, visual, and somatosensory systems along with their central nervous system connections and pathways. Furthermore, each system is subject to the degenerative processes of aging. This chapter will focus on those problems affecting the elderly patient relative to the field of otology: the auditory system, clinical audiology, and the vestibular system.

Keywords

Hearing Loss Vestibular System External Auditory Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Acoustic Neuroma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

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  • Ernest Mhoon

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