To an elderly person, vision is perhaps even more important than it is to a younger individual. As aging proceeds and the acuity of other senses becomes blunted, the need for adequate visual orientation increases. Yet, advancing years take their toll on the visual system; ocular disease, visual loss, and blindness itself are far more common in elderly persons. The incidence of potentially blinding eye diseases increases dramatically after the age of 40 years and astronomically after the age of 65 years. The need for frequent eye examinations increases proportionately.
KeywordsDiabetic Retinopathy Intraocular Pressure Aqueous Humor Macular Degeneration Ciliary Body
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Weale RA. The Aging Eye. London, England: Bartho-lomew Press for Harper & Row Publishers Inc; 1963.Google Scholar
- 2.Grayson M. Diseases of the Cornea. St Louis, Mo: CV Mosby Co; 1979.Google Scholar
- 3.Hogan MJ, Alvarado JA, Weddell JE. Histology of the Human Eye: An Atlas and Textbook. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders CO; 1971.Google Scholar
- 4.Moses RA. Adler’s Physiology of the Eye: Clinical Applications. 5th ed. St Louis, Mo: CV Mosby Co; 1980.Google Scholar
- 5.Brubaker RF, Nagataki S, Townsend DJ, et al. The effect of age on aqueous humor formation in man. Ophthalmology 1981; 88 (suppl 3): 238–288.Google Scholar
- 7.Duane A. Subnormal accommodation. Arch Ophthalmol 1925; 54: 568.Google Scholar
- 8.Hogan M, Zimmerman L. Ophthalmic Pathology: An Atlas and Textbook. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1962.Google Scholar
- 11.National Society to Prevent Blindness. Vision Problems in the United States: A Statistical Analysis. New York, NY: National Society to Prevent Blindness; 1980.Google Scholar
- 12.Newell FW. Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts. 4th ed. St Louis, Mo: CV Mosby Co; 1978.Google Scholar
- 14.Lamberts DW, Potter DE, eds. Clinical Ophthalmic Pharmacology. Boston, Mass: Little Brown & Co Inc; 1987.Google Scholar
- 19.Woo GC, ed. Low Vision Principles and Application: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Low Vision. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag NY Inc; 1986.Google Scholar