Cardiovascular Disease

  • Nanette K. Wenger


The World Health Organization’s World Health Statistical Annual 1987 identifies that aging of populations, common in the industrialized world, is rapidly becoming a characteristic of developing nations as well. Two thirds of the world’s 600 million people aged 60 or older are projected to reside in developing nations by the year 2000. Not only is the elderly population increasing worldwide, but the aged population itself is becoming older as more people survive to higher ages. Cardiovascular disease increases dramatically with aging and is the major cause of death and disability in elderly persons. The problem facing all societies is how to pay for the care, rather than cure, that is characteristic of chronic illness. Elderly patients constitute a highly heterogeneous group, with widely differing functional status, severities of illness, expectations of medical therapy, and psychosocial needs, none of which relates substantially either to each other or to chronologic age. The challenge is to identify the characteristics of people who remain active and energetic into old age, to determine how life-style components, including nutrition, obesity, exercise, psychosocial features, work, retirement, and others, affect aging. This information can guide the preventive measures that may decrease disability in later life.


Aortic Stenosis Mitral Regurgitation Infective Endocarditis Elderly Person Aortic Regurgitation 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

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  • Nanette K. Wenger

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