Management of Ureteral Calculi: The Impact of Anesthesia-Free Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

  • Kurt Miller
  • T. Sauter
  • R. Bachor
  • R. Hautmann


In the past ureterolithotomy generally was accepted as the primary treatment for ureteral calculi; in recent years, however, open surgery for ureteral stones has become virtually obsolete. Open surgery, in a remarkably short time, has been replaced almost completely by endourological procedures (in the most broad definition of endourology).


Shock Wave Shock Wave Lithotripsy Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Ureteral Stone Ureteral Calculus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Miller
    • 1
  • T. Sauter
    • 1
  • R. Bachor
    • 1
  • R. Hautmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of UrologyUniversity of UlmUlmWest Germany

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