Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids in Serum Lipids and Their Relationship to Human Disease

  • Kristian S. Bjerve
  • Ole-Lars Brekke
  • Kristian J. Fougner
  • Kristian Midthjell


It is now nearly 80 years since omega-6 acids were found to be an essential nutrient in rats1. It was later shown that they were essential also in man, and that omega-3 fatty acids were essential nutrients in several animal species2,3. Although omega-3 fatty acids have been suggested to protect against cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis and some types of cancer4, they have not until recently been considered essential in man. The FAO/WHO recommendations on essential fatty acid requirement in man accordingly do not mention α-linolenic or other omega-3 fatty acids as essential nutrients, and only state the requirement for linoleic and other omega-6 fatty acids5.


Essential Fatty Acid Eicosapentaenoic Acid Acid Ethyl Ester Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency Serum Phospholipid 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristian S. Bjerve
    • 1
  • Ole-Lars Brekke
    • 1
  • Kristian J. Fougner
    • 1
  • Kristian Midthjell
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Chemistry, Regional HospitalUniversity of TrondheimTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Department for Health Services Research, District UnitNorwegian Institute for Public HealthVerdalNorway

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