Effectiveness of Japanese Fisheries Management
Two different fishery management systems have been practiced in Japan, a fishing rights system and a license system. The award of common fishing rights to fishery cooperative associations plays a major role in management of littoral resources of local fishing communities. The license system is operated by the federal Minister and by prefectural governors. Ministerial licenses are issued to fisheries that are regulated on the basis of international arrangements; thirteen major fisheries are involved. Nearly all other coastal and offshore fisheries are licensed by prefectural governors.
During the development phase of fisheries, the license system has worked effectively to control rapid expansion of fishing effort. But various problems have arisen in fully-exploited and declining fisheries, so that Japanese fisheries are now facing the need for another form of mangement.
KeywordsFishing Effort Fishing Vessel License System Horse Mackerel Trawl Fishery
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