Problem Differentiation

  • Lawrence L. Hirsch


When seeing a new patient or one with a new problem, it is essential that a physician carefully differentiate signs and symptoms into discrete entities. Given the biological and sociocultural complexity of humans, this is not always a simple matter. The time necessary to establish a diagnostic position, and hence a therapeutic position, is often fraught with varying degrees of uncertainty. Since medical practice is neither an exact science nor a mechanical process nor merely a skillful application of underlying principles, it is helpful to examine the context of interaction between doctor and patient.


Final Common Pathway Patient Problem Endogenous Depression Therapeutic Position Diagnostic Position 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Kübler-Ross E. On death and dying. New York: Macmillan, 1969.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence L. Hirsch

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