Critical Care

  • Larry Kravitz
  • Ken Grauer
  • R. Whitney CurryJr.


Critical care medicine is a relatively young field, developing mostly in the 1960s,1,2 although board certification in critical care medicine was not available until 1980.1 Historically, intensive care units (ICUs) were developed to deal with specific tasks: rhythm monitoring in myocardial infarction, immediate postoperative care, airway management, and mechanical Ventilation.1,3 Based on positive results in very controlled situations,3 the concept of ICUs was expanded to provide much more extensive critical care to a much more diverse patient group. Benefits to broad groups of severely ill patients are equivocal.3


Cardiac Arrest Ventricular Fibrillation Family Physician Cardiogenic Shock Systemic Vascular Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Shoemaker WC, Thompson WL, Holbrook PR, eds. Textbook of critical care. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1984.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Thibault GE, Mulley AG, Barnett GO, Goldstein RL. Medical intensive care: Indications, interventions, and outcomes. N Engl J Med 1986; 302: 938–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Consensus Development Panel. Critical care medicine—consensus conference. JAMA 1983; 250: 798–804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Survey of Family Practice. American Academy of Family Practice. 1987 (unpublished).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Weiss B. Family physicians’ hospital Privileges in Arizona. J Fam Pract 1986; 22: 281–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goldmann RW. The role of the family physician in critical care. J Fam Pract 1985; 21: 231–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Roberts JR, Hedges JR, eds. Clinical procedures in emergency medicine. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1985.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Blitt CD, Editor. Monitoring in anesthesia and critical care medicine. New York: Churchill Livingstone Inc, 1985.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rippe JM, Csete ME, eds. Manual of intensive care medicine. Boston: Little, Brown, 1983.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kirby RR, Smith RA, Desautels DA, eds. Mechanical Ventilation. New York: Churchill Li vingstone, 1985.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Genton R, Jaffe AS. Management of congestive heart failure in patients with acute myocardial infaretion. JAMA 1986; 256: 2556–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yelderman M, New W. Evaluation of pulse oximetry. Anesthesi-ology 1983; 59: 349–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mclntyre KM, Lewis AJ, eds. Textbook of advanced cardiac life support. Dallas, Texas: American Heart Association, 1981.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma. Advanced Trauma Life Support Course, Student manual, 1984. Chicago, IllinoisGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sibbald WJ, ed. Cardiovascular crises in the critically ill. Critical Care Clinics. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1985.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Colucci WS, Wright RF, Braunwald E. New positive inotropic agents in the treatment of congestive heart failure, Parts 1 and 2. N Engl J Med 1986;314: 290–9, 349–58.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Massaro D. Oxygen: toxicity and tolerance. Hosp Pract July 15, 1986: 95–101.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hillman K. Pulmonary barotrauma. Clin Anaesthesiol 1985; 3: 877–98.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Demers RR. Pratter MR, Irwin RS. Use of the concept of Ventilator compliance in the determination of static total compliance. Resp Care 1981: 644–8.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Downs JB. Extubation criteria. Crit Care Med 1986; 14: 169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Weinberger SE. Principles of pulmonary medicine. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1986.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ognibene GP, Martin SE, Parker MM, et al. Adult respiratory distress Syndrome in patients with severe neutropenia. N Engl J Med 1986; 315: 547–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rinaldo JE, Rogers RM. Adult respiratory distress Syndrome. N Engl J Med 1986; 315: 578–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    National Conference on Standards and Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiac Care. Standards and guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiac care (ECC). JAMA 1986; 255: 2905–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bedell SE, Delbanco TL, Cook EF, Epstein FH. Survival after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the hospital. N Engl J Med 1983; 309: 569–76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Grauer. K, Cavallaro DL: ACLS: certification preparation and a comprehensive review. St. Louis: CV Mosby, 1987.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Weil MH, Rackow EC, Trevino R, Grundler W, Falk JL, Griffel MI. Difference in acid-base State between venous and arterial blood during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. N Engl J Med 1986; 315: 153–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Niemann JT, Rosborough JP. Effects of acidemia and sodium bicarbonate therapy in advanced cardiac life support. Ann Emerg Med 1984; 13: 781–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Abramson N, Safar P, Detre K, et al. Neurologie recovery after cardiac arrest: effect of duration of ischemia. Crit Care Med 1985; 13: 930–1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    White BC, Wiegenstein JG, Winegar CD. Brain ischemic anoxia. JAMA 1984; 251: 1586–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pingleton SK, Hadzima SK. Enterai alimentation and gastrointestinal bleeding in mechanically ventilated patients. Crit Care Med 1983; 11: 13–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Priebe HJ, Skillman JJ, Bushnell LS, Long PC, Silen W. Antacid versus Cimetidine in preventing acute gastrointestinal bleeding. N Engl J Med 1980; 302: 426–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Weigelt JA, Aurbakken CM, Gewertz BL, Snyder WH. Cimetidine vs antacid in prophylaxis for stress ulceration. Arch Surg 1982; 116: 597–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Valentine RJ, Turner WW, Borman KR, Weigelt JA. Does na-soenteral feeding afford adequate gastroduodenal stress Prophylaxis? Crit Care Med 1986; 14: 599–601.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Abramowicz M, ed. Drugs that cause Psychiatric symptoms. Med Lett 1986; 28: 81–6.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Bronheim HE, Iberti TJ, Benjamin E, Strain JJ. Depression in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med 1985; 13: 985–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Poulton TJ, Butdorf MBP. Death in the ICU: does the patient predict his own demise? Crit Care Med 1986; 14: 614–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larry Kravitz
  • Ken Grauer
  • R. Whitney CurryJr.

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations