The single most important diagnostic principle concerning malignant neoplasm is its earliest possible detection. Success depends on patient and physician awareness of the cancer Screening tests available and their recommended frequency. The American Cancer Society and other organizations have utilized mass media to inform the public of its responsibility for routine examination and reporting early signs and symptoms to a physician. Unfortunately, some of the most common cancers do not lend themselves to Screening of asymptomatic people (lung, prostate, and ovary), whereas others require patient self-examination for early detection (breast, testes). The current recommendations for cancer Screening are summarized in Table 34.1.1–3 In addition, patient education, including self-examination and knowledge of early signs and symptoms of cancer, is an essential role of the family physician.
KeywordsBreast Cancer Cervical Cancer Multiple Myeloma Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
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