The Female Reproductive System

  • D. Melessa Phillips
  • Judith G. Gearhart


In his editorial, “Femaleness as a Health Hazard,” Stephens illustrated the compendium of health risks women encounter throughout their life cycle.1 Adolescents today face intense peer pressure in social arenas of sexuality, drug and alcohol use, and nutrition. Young adult women are often forced to choose between careers or marriage, pregnancy or contraception. Women in midlife must simultaneously deal with maturing children and aging parents, as well as their own increased risk of disease (breast and pelvic cancer). By age 65 half of all women are widowed, and many live below the poverty level and apart from their families.


Luteinizing Hormone Corpus Luteum Ectopic Pregnancy Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Melessa Phillips
  • Judith G. Gearhart

There are no affiliations available

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