Low Frequency Flexural Wave Propagation in Laminated Composite Plates
Shear deformation and rotary inertia are included in plate theory to determine the dispersion curves for flexural waves propagating in laminated composite plates. The results of a unidirectional laminate are compared with the elasticity solutions for flexural waves traveling in transversely isotropic plates to determine the shear correction factors in the low frequency, long wavelength range. The values of the shear correction factors for the unidirectional composite laminate are in good agreement with the theoretical values calculated from static cylindrical bending. An acousto-ultrasonic technique using narrowband excitation frequencies is used to obtain experimental data for flexural waves. By measuring the phase velocities for different excitation frequencies, dispersion curves are generated. There is excellent agreement between the experimentally determined values and the theoretical results for aluminum and unidirectional composite plates. For symmetric cross-ply and quasi-isotropic laminates, the data definitely have the characteristic of a dispersion curve for flexural waves, although the agreement between analytic and experimental results is not quite as good. The results of the present work indicate that the inclusion of shear deformation and rotary inertia in plate theory improves the prediction of dispersion curves for flexural waves propagating in composite laminates and suggest that the acousto-ultrasonic technique can be used to characterize composite plates with and without damage since each material and stacking sequence gives distinct dispersion curves.
KeywordsShear Deformation Dispersion Curve Composite Plate Fiber Direction Lamb Wave
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