Formal Courses and Conferences

  • Phil P. Manning
  • Lois Debakey


Formal courses and conferences are the second most popular method of continuing medical education, after reading.2–4 Numerous studies have shown that physicians learn facts from such formal instruction.5.6 Courses that focus on physician performance in specific clinical situations, however, can not only transfer facts but can also alter that performance, even though such changes are difficult to measure.


Medical Education Specific Clinical Situation Annual Session Mortality Conference Improve Patient Understanding 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phil P. Manning
    • 1
  • Lois Debakey
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of MedicineUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  3. 3.New OrleansUSA

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