Governmental institutions often perform honestly and effectively at tasks belonging to earlier stages of research and development (R&D):
• exploration, and
• directed investigation.
KeywordsGaseous Diffusion Program Element Directed Investigation Governmental Activity Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
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Suggested reading on Britain’s radar
- J.G. Crowther and R. Whiddington, Science at War, Philosophical Library, Inc., New York, 1948.Google Scholar
- R. Watson-Watt, The Pulse of Radar, Dial Press, New York, 1959.Google Scholar
- C.P. Snow, “Science and Government,” and “Appendix to’ science and Government’,” in Public Affairs, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1971, pp. 99–186.Google Scholar
- Snow’s essay, recommended at the end of Chapter 4, describes Tizard’s vital contribution in coordinating Watson-Watt’s progress on radar devices with air force personnel’s learning how to use them.Google Scholar
Recommended reading on project management, good and bad
- Christopher Layton, Ten Innovations, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, London, 1972.Google Scholar
- About 15 years ago, a British Crown Study undertook to discover why Britain’s R&D teams had produced so few winners while its academic engineering scientists had achieved worldwide respect. Layton reports the Crown Study’s conclusions and gives such information as cooperating companies were willing to disclose to the public. His book puts in sharp contrast the management style that wins and the style that loses. My ideal recipe for management of the project stage of a development owes much to Layton’s book.Google Scholar
© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986