Sand … Water … Superflight

  • Arthur M. Squires


There are barrier islands along North Carolina’s Atlantic shore that travel. Ocean currents run parallel to the coast and carry sand southward, eating away at the ocean side of the islands. A storm, however, pulls sand from ocean bottom, carries it over the islands, and dumps it on their lee side. The islands endure, in ever-renewed form. But no natural processes renew a manmade structure that collapses when the Atlantic devours its foundation. Small constituencies, owners of summer homes on the islands, have pressed for “preservation” of each island.


Army Corps Barrier Island Atomic Bomb Atomic Energy Commission Flight Test 
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Sources and suggested reading on beach preservation

  1. Robert D. Behn and Martha A. Clark, “The Termination of Beach Erosion Control at Cape Hatteras,” Public Policy, vol. 27 (1979), pp. 99–127.Google Scholar
  2. John S. Fisher and Wilson N. Felder, “Cape Hatteras Beach Nourishment,” Proceedings of 15th Coastal Engineering Conference, July 11–17, 1976, Honolulu, Hawaii, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, 1977, vol. 2, pp. 1512-1531.Google Scholar
  3. Mary Louise Quinn, The History of the Beach Erosion Board: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1930–1963, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Coastal Engineering Research Center, Springfield, Virginia, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. Roger Clark and Ralph Cimperman, students in an Honors Colloquium at Virginia Tech, discussed beach preservation in telephone conversations with Steve Leatherman of University of Massachusetts and Virginia Herman, Public Information Specialist, Wilmington District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. I have spoken with Bill Forman and Tom Jarrett of the Wilmington District.Google Scholar

Sources on the Office of Saline Water

  1. Office of Saline Water, Department of the Interior, Saline Water Conversion Act: Legislative History, eleven volumes, Washington, D.C., 1973.Google Scholar
  2. ——, Saline Water Conversion Report: Executive Summary, 1952 through 1974.Google Scholar
  3. ——, New Water, 1967.Google Scholar

Sources and suggested reading on nuclear flight

  1. George Carroll, “The Man Behind the A-Plane,” American Mercury, vol. 80 (January 1955), pp. 125–128.Google Scholar
  2. John W. Darley, Jr., “G.E. Official Details Nuclear Plane Need,” Aviation Week, vol. 70 (March 16, 1959), pp. 67–85.Google Scholar
  3. Ford Eastman, “Defense Shifts Nuclear Plane Emphasis,” ibid., vol. 71 (August 3, 1959), pp. 32–33.Google Scholar
  4. Katherine Johnsen, “Reorientations Hampered ANP Program,” ibid., vol. 78 (April 1, 1963), pp. 81–87.Google Scholar
  5. Anon., “Disputes Cloud Nuclear Plane Effort in Critical Period,” ibid., vol. 74 (December 19, 1960), pp. 54-59.Google Scholar
  6. ——, “The Atomic Airplane: Its Death Has Been Mourned by Few,” Science, vol. 133 (April 21, 1961), pp. 1223-1225.Google Scholar
  7. Donald Keirn, “The USAF Nuclear Propulsion Programs,” Air University Quarterly Review, vol. 11 (Fall and Winter 1959), pp. 12–19. (Reprinted in Nuclear Flight, Kenneth F. Gantz, ed., Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, New York, 1960.)Google Scholar
  8. William A. Tesch, “Manned Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program,” ibid., pp. 20-25. (Also reprinted in Nuclear Flight.) Google Scholar
  9. W. Henry Lambright, Shooting Down the Nuclear Plane, Inter-University Case Program, Syracuse, New York, 1967.Google Scholar
  10. U.S. General Accounting Office, Review of Manned Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program, Washington, D.C., 1963.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur M. Squires
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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