Chromium, a member of Group VI-B of the periodic table, has an atomic no. of 24, an atomic weight of 51.996, a specific gravity of 7.18 at 20°C, a melting point of 1,903°C and four stable isotopes with the following percent abundance: 50Cr (4.31%); 52Cr (83.76%); 53Cr (9.55%); and 54Cr (2.38%). It has five radioactive isotopes, but only 51Cr, with a halflife of 27.8 days is the most commonly used for tracer studies. Chromium is a steel-gray, lustrous, hard, brittle metal that takes a high polish. It dissolves readily in nonoxidizing mineral acids but not in cold aqua regia or HNO3. In other words, it is resistant to attack by oxidizing acids and a range of other chemicals, hence its use in corrosion-resistant alloys.


Sewage Sludge Fulvic Acid Serpentine Soil Bush Bean Leptospermum Scoparium 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Adriano
    • 1
  1. 1.Biogeochemical Ecology Division, Savannah River Ecology LaboratoryUniversity of Georgia Institute of EcologyAikenUSA

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