Self-Cohering a Large, Distorted Antenna for Microwave Imaging

  • Bernard D. Steinberg


A large phased array designed for microwave imaging consists of many independent antenna elements each weighted appropriately to provide the desired radiation pattern, and the weighted outputs are summed to form the system output. The arguments of the weights determine beam direction. The argument is a sensitive function of element location in the array and phase shifts in the circuits of each element receiver channel. Uncompensated position and/or phase errors result in severe image distortion.

The Valley Forge Radio Camera is a large imaging microwave radar. Its 83 m antenna is very flimsy, highly distorted and nonrigid. The distortions are severe, bordering on 1 wavelength rms in the three position coordinates at the operating wavelength of 3 cm. An adaptive subsystem dynamically calibrates the array based upon measurements made of the radiation field at the array due to reflections from targets. Described is one of the algorithms used, the nature of the experiments conducted and the evidence of the validity of the adaptive beamforming method. High resolution microwave images of a town in the neighborhood of the laboratory are shown.


Antenna Array Antenna Element Microwave Image Corner Reflector Phase Antenna Array 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [1]
    B.D. Steinberg, Microwave Imaging with Large Antenna Arrays John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    B.D. Steinberg, “Radar Imaging from a Distorted Array: The Radio Camera Algorithm and Experiments,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Prop., vol. AP-20, No. 5, September 1981.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard D. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Valley Forge Research Center Moore School of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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